logo fide2
banner chessjournal

Freedom of speech is one of the fundamental human rights and plays a very important role, both as an individual right, and as a tool for protection of other human rights and necessary clause for integrity and freedom of the press. Emphasizing the importance of freedom of speech, recognizing communication and information potential of journalism and specifics of a profession of chess journalist, expressing concerns that in many cases a variety of information can be used to harm human rights.
Guided by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Relying on Resolution 1003 (1993) of the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly on the ethics of journalism, International Principles of Professional Ethics in Journalism. Taking into account the existing basis of journalists’ activity both national and international, the following were adopted:

1. Respecting Human Rights.

Chess journalists must respect human rights and human dignity. People have a right for privacy, that is why invasion of privacy, infliction of physical or mental suffering should be avoided. Only in exceptional circumstances or urgent need that it can become an excuse for intervention into the private life of other individuals. If freedom of speech comes into conflict with other fundamental rights, first of all with the right to privacy, a journalist makes a decision and takes all responsibility for the choice of priority of the right. Each situation should be evaluated taking into account protection of the rights and reputation of any individual, based on common sense and the public's right to information. A chess journalist keeps in mind the measures of their activities. Everyone has the right to know about people who were elected or hired to represent public interests, so ordinary citizens have more rights for privacy than officials who seek to gain public attention, influence or power. The delicacy from a chess journalist requires those individuals, who may be harmed as a result of published information. Realizing that chess is directly related to intellectual activity and associated with serious psychological stress, chess journalists must take into account that some questions and comments may affect the chess players.

2.Truth and accuracy.

Information broadcasted by chess journalists should be based on truthfulness and they should take all measures to ensure the appropriate means of verification and proof of materials. The information received from any source should be verified with accuracy and care to avoid casual errors. Under no circumstances shall the facts be misrepresented on purpose. A chess journalist avoids incomplete and inaccurate information, as well as its random distortion that could damage the honor and dignity of individuals. Significant mistakes or allegations which were published should be corrected as soon as possible after they were detected.
A chess journalist should carefully distinguish between facts or opinions, judgments, comments. Clear distinction of opinions, judgments and comments must be clearly identified and should not misrepresent facts or context.
Responsibility of a journalist is to ensure accuracy of the materials, published by them. Citations should be reliable and should not be taken out of context in the way that changes the meaning of statements. Overview of earlier events that can mislead the present, should be published with extra notification. Journalist strives to ensure that titles and other related information, photo, video, audio and graphic materials with provoking character and able to reflect particular reaction, are accurate and do not lead to a simplified understanding of the material or its submission and consideration as out  of context. Chess journalists controls the photo and video materials so they are not misrepresented. Only those techniques should be considered which give more complete disclosure of the event or image.

3. Objectivity and impartiality.

Chess journalists respect the diversity of opinions, safeguard freedom of speech and the existence of different points of view. All people have the right to acquire an objective picture of reality by means of accurate and complete information and have freedom to express their views through various media, so journalists’ publications with accurate and complete image of the world, described nature of events, phenomena and processes are understood in the most objective way.

Chess journalists strives for equity. Impartiality does not necessarily mean full coverage of the event, though materials which contain personal opinion or individual interpretation of the events should be clearly defined. This does not exclude journalist’s right to publication materials supporting one side, but such position should be clearly defined.
Chess journalists collect, use and present the facts without prejudgment. Journalists’ acts against any form of discrimination based on sex, age, race, nationality, language, religion, ethnicity, sexual orientation, ideology, and other distinguishing characteristics, avoids stereotypes associated with such characteristics. A journalist’s aim is also to resist extremism and restriction of human rights. Chess journalists should be aware of the danger within a call to discrimination, spread through the media, and must take efforts to avoid any promotion of discrimination. Chess journalists support disclosed exchange of opinions, even if they appear unacceptable. A journalist devoted to his own cultural values ​​and avoids imposing those values ​​to others. A journalist stands for the universal values ​​of humanism, above all, human rights, peace, social progress, while respecting the identity and values ​​of each culture, as well as the right of each individual to freely choose and develop its political, social, economic and cultural systems.

4. Fairness /Fair Play.

Chess journalists should not resort to illegal, incorrect ways and means of gathering information, they strive for fair, open and free publishing and distribution of any information.
Chess journalists should respect the rights of people involved in the overview of events and responsible to the public for the fairness and accuracy of representation of these events. Justice requires chess journalists to avoid slander, abuse and ungrounded blames. Justice also requires people, whose actions were criticized, to have the opportunity to dispute the criticism and give explanations in a timely manner. If a chess journalist raises a public accusation of an individual there should be given the opportunity for recipients to respond to allegations made against them.
Chess journalists shall use only that information, they received from a reliable source. Society has a right to information about the reliability of the source, so the source should be specified if there is no clear and specific need of confidentiality. Chess journalists have to show respect to the sources of information, publications’ characters and colleagues. Chess journalists should be attentive to those who may be harmed as a result of spreading information, show special understanding to children and other unprotected sources of information, as well as while collecting or publishing any information about those people who were directly affected by grief, disaster or tragedy. The journalist is aware that gathering and publishing any information can harm, cause physical, mental and moral suffering.

5. Independence.

Chess journalists are independent in their professional activity and should not fall under any outer pressure. Journalists should avoid any conflict of interests. Chess journalists strive to keep balance between private and public interests, remembering the public's right to information.

6. Originality and respect for intellectual property.

Chess journalists should use original content and language in the writing of their materials. Plagiarism is unacceptable. Appropriation of other's content of ideas, works or materials, partially or completely, is the basis for journalist to be censured by colleagues and judged for the shameful action.
Chess journalist respects the intellectual property. Not a single work may be published without agreement of the owner. If there is no possibility to define the owner of publication, photo, video, audio and graphic works, journalist should specify the source.

7. Responsibility.

Chess journalists act with the whole responsibility, in this case, journalists are accountable not only to employers, but to readers, listeners, viewers, that is the general public and colleagues. Journalists assist the public access to information, and accept the right to make corrections, the right to criticize and the right to feedback.
Chess journalist should do everything possible to minimize any possible damage, as well as to correct or refute information that may cause such damage. Chess journalists are ready to admit mistakes and correct false information. The journalist shall take all efforts to correct any published information which appeared to be inaccurate. Information which appeared to be false, should be corrected without any restrictions. Journalist explains and comments the materials, engages in dialogue with the public and encourages fair public criticisms.
Self-authority and reputation is of great value for a chess journalist, as they carry not only legal but moral responsibility to society for correct information and fair judgments they spread. Moral responsibility of a chess journalist requires from them to act according to the principles and values ​​as well as ethical standards of journalism in all situations.

Prepared by Dr. Yulia Razmetaeva and WGM Anastasiya Karlovich
© FIDE Commissions  |    www.fide.com